Nothing pathetic, pelom’s speech to humanity. The first thing Thomas Alva Edison said in his phonograph in 1877 was the baby kanka Mary Had and Little Lamb. The series on the most important human discoveries was published by Vkend DNES magazine.
It is not entirely clear whether it was Thomas Alva Edison or his wife Mary, who then recited about Maruka and her sheep with a coke blm as snow.
Other information is remarkable: Edison, the one who gave the world the first device usable for sound recording and reproduction, became deaf from childhood. At the time when he built the phonograph and patented it a year later, he was very good at it.
In the case of Edison, words usable for sound reproduction are tusks. Twenty years before him, Frenchman Douard-Lon Scott de Martinville played with a device called a phonautograph.
The needle was drawn on a beam or glass covered with a sms of coal and oil from the sounds of wool, but the sound could not be reproduced. Only in 2008, with the help of digital technology, did the French artist know how to start. The French folk songwriter Au clair de la lune spoke.
Good morning. How are you?
Was it a phonautograph that inspired Edison to his phonograph? It is said that the telephone also played this role, and with a carbon microphone it sang to its invention. Edison was intrigued by how strongly the human voice of the telephone membrane could vibrate. And it occurred to him that his vibrations could not only be drilled through the needle on the prepared surface, but that the handle could, on the contrary, resonate with the membrane.
It happened on July 18, 1877. During an attempt with the first version of his phonograph, Hallo shouted at it and something like a real device was really shaking. Edison was thrilled, unlike Western Union, which had just offered a vague idea. She rejected him because the machine was up to him.
He could not be discouraged and after the work he had a phonograph ready. It consisted of a tin nozzle amplifying the sound, which was then ripped through a membrane needle into a tinfoil covering the siding spread by a crank. That was the time for Mary Had and Little Lamb, who called him back in the reproduction frame. Edison then recalled: Nothing in my life had taken me out of my mind.
Shortly afterwards, he went with the device to the editorial board of Scientific American magazine, and to the surprise of those involved, he made a recorded sound of his voice: Good morning. How are you? How to vm lb phonograph?
At first, which the magazine immediately published about the miracle, it tore down an avalanche of sight, and Edison became a hero with a rustle. He was even allowed to show him at President Hayes’ Blm House.
elak, vinyl a spol.
Edison had been sticking his phonograph for a long time, even thinking that he had replaced the lift with a flat record, but in doing so, he overtook him and essentially stopped the American-born German Emile Berliner, the inventor of the turntable.
Although his first device in 1886, the ride resembled a phonograph, because the base was a siding, Berliner bag zhy peel on a glass, later zinc plate covered with wax with engraved handles. Gramophone record.
It was possible to copy against the lift with a press stick, only the material did not have a general pressure. Berliner gradually rehearsed a new one and at the end of the 19th century he obtained elak for his records. Despite the competition of the clever and now supported vinyl, which appeared in 1927, the elak lasted until the 1950s. We can take him home at home.
The history of tape recorders entered history throughout the middle of the 20th century, and in 1979, thanks to Sony and Philips, he introduced a revolution in two: the digital meaning. Then materialized into CD carriers, our famous lines. And the development continues. Edison’s pioneer lift phonograph has twice lost its application.